When Society has emerged ? Nobody can answer or explain when did the society form. The history of society is still unknown. If we go back to pre-historic period we can get some evident through which we can assume how and why society has emerged. Since , we humans ere not physically strong enough to compete with the wild animals , we used to utilize our mind or intelligence as our only strength. So, people decided to stay together and fight as a group formed by an informal agreement.

To know the history of the society , many great scholars has given their own definition or views to understand the society.

Three famous theories of society given by famous personalities

Social Contract TheoryJean-Jacques Rousseau
Theory Of SocialismPlato and Aristotle
Organic TheoryHerbert Spencer
Three famous theories to understand the history of society

  1. Social Contract Theory by Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Jean-Jacques Rousseau explained that society formed due to an informal agreement between people to lead a secured life. This security is the key condition for the formation of the society.

2. Social Contract Theory by Plato and Aristotle

Individual forms a society but society does not form individual. Aristotle said that Man is a social being. Plato proposed the Group-Form Theory.

3. Organic Theory by Herbert Spencer

According to Herbert Spencer, society is not merely a collection of individual ; it is more than that ; just as n organism is more than a mere collection of cells. He established the hypothesis the society is like a biological organism and then proceed to define it against all objections with great logical force.

What is the definition of Society ?

There are many definitions to understand the term "Society" . One of such definitions is of Morris Ginsberg's who defined Society as a collection of individual united by certain relations or mode of behavior.

According to Morris Ginsberg , ” A Society is a collection of individual united by certain relations or mode of behavior which mark them off from others who do not enter into any relationship or differ from them in behavior. ”