When Society has emerged ? Nobody can answer or explain when did the society form. The history of society is still unknown. If we go back to pre-historic period we can get some evident through which we can assume how and why society has emerged. Since , we humans ere not physically strong enough to compete with the wild animals , we used to utilize our mind or intelligence as our only strength. So, people decided to stay together and fight as a group formed by an informal agreement.
To know the history of the society , many great scholars has given their own definition or views to understand the society.
Three famous theories of society given by famous personalities
|Social Contract Theory||Jean-Jacques Rousseau|
|Theory Of Socialism||Plato and Aristotle|
|Organic Theory||Herbert Spencer|
- Social Contract Theory by Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Jean-Jacques Rousseau explained that society formed due to an informal agreement between people to lead a secured life. This security is the key condition for the formation of the society.
2. Social Contract Theory by Plato and Aristotle
Individual forms a society but society does not form individual. Aristotle said that Man is a social being. Plato proposed the Group-Form Theory.
3. Organic Theory by Herbert Spencer
According to Herbert Spencer, society is not merely a collection of individual ; it is more than that ; just as n organism is more than a mere collection of cells. He established the hypothesis the society is like a biological organism and then proceed to define it against all objections with great logical force.
What is the definition of Society ?
There are many definitions to understand the term "Society" . One of such definitions is of Morris Ginsberg's who defined Society as a collection of individual united by certain relations or mode of behavior.
According to Morris Ginsberg , ” A Society is a collection of individual united by certain relations or mode of behavior which mark them off from others who do not enter into any relationship or differ from them in behavior. ”