7 Major Rural Development Policies
Let’s know about the 7 major rural development policies.
|7 Major Policies of Rural Development|
|EDUCATION , RESEARCH AND EXTENSION POLICY|
|RURAL INSTITUTION POLICY|
Land Policy is a crucial element in a rural development. It is well known that distribution of land and other assets are very screwed in India. On the large majority have the the small land holdings. This had a direct impact towards the ability to earn income in rural areas. Land reforms include protection of tenants are on the primary means of transforming rural society.
Productivity level of small farms are greater than large farms because a small farmer put more intensive labour on small plot , hence greater agricultural productivity.
Improved technology to rural society have a big impact. The newer technology should be adopted to rural society and on the other hand it is necessary to extend existing technologies to rural areas. It is very vital ingredient in rural development. Our agriculture mostly depends upon weather , hence technological improvement play a vital role from the effects of weather.
Agriculture remains the main avenue for the incomes and employment in rural areas. The balance growth of agricultural sector play an important role in creating better condition to farmers.
Agriculture is often seasonal. Rural employment program can ensure better employment throughout the year. Hence, growth in other areas within the village can relief the unemployment.
EDUCATION , RESEARCH AND EXTENSION POLICY
In India , the problem of illiteracy is particularly acute in rural areas. Illiteracy is a constraint for rural development. Hence, education is must for proper rural development. Research and Extension are very important elements for rural development. Research is very important for knowledge which is proper for development. Extension ensures that the gains are delivered to the target groups. Trend staffs are very important for any rural development program.
RURAL INSTITUTIONAL POLICIES
Rural Institution need to reform and utilized for successfully carrying out rural development. The institutional structures such as Panchayats need to be nurtured. So there is proper participation in rural development. Local monitoring institutions like panchayats can ensure that the programs are successfully implemented. Hence , target groups or community will get benefits from the programs. Rural Institutions such as banks and cooperative sectors can also play a vital role in rural development.
The use of a price is also a crucial element in a rural development policy.
- Agricultural produced has to be priced in such a manner that the famous enjoy adequate returns.
- The price of Agricultural produced should get proper price and income. The spread of public distribution system ( Rashon Shops ) in rural shop is also helping rural development.
- It is also important in the case of fertilizers , pesticides and seeds. Thus, the price policy acts as a useful useful means to achieve rural development policy.